Canada has a rich literary heritage, with many talented poets who have contributed significantly to the country’s literary landscape. This article will look at some of the most famous Canadian poets and their works.

Early Canadian Poets

Canada’s earliest known poet was a Huron-Wendat writer named Okwaho, who lived in the 17th century. His work, written in the Wendat language, is considered the first known literary work by a Canadian. Other early Canadian poets include François Marie Le Jeune, who wrote in French, and Cornelius Krieghoff, who wrote in English.

The Confederation Poets

The Confederation Poets were a group of active poets in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This group included some of Canada’s most famous poets, such as Archibald Lampman, Duncan Campbell Scott, and Charles G.D. Roberts. These poets were known for their nature-inspired poetry, which often featured the rugged landscapes of Canada’s wilderness.

Modern Canadian Poets

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Canadian poetry has continued to flourish, with many talented poets emerging on the literary scene. Some of the most famous modern Canadian poets include Margaret Atwood, Leonard Cohen, and Anne Carson. These poets have been celebrated for their innovative and thought-provoking works, which have helped to define contemporary Canadian poetry.

Famous Canadian Poets

Robert W. Service

Robert W. Service was a British-Canadian poet and writer best known for his poems about the Canadian wilderness and the rugged lifestyle of the northern frontier. Born in 1874 in Lancashire, England, Service moved to Canada at 21 and spent much of his life in the Yukon Territory.

Service’s writing career began when he was employed as a bank clerk in Whitehorse, Yukon. There, he began to write poetry and eventually published his first collection, “Songs of a Sourdough,” in 1907. The book was a huge success and cemented Service’s reputation as the “Bard of the Yukon.”

Service’s poems are known for their vivid descriptions of the harsh realities of life in the Yukon during the gold rush era. His most famous poems, such as “The Cremation of Sam McGee” and “The Shooting of Dan McGrew,” tell stories of adventure, danger, and survival in the unforgiving wilderness.

Despite his popularity as a poet, Service was not without his critics. Some accused him of romanticizing Yukon’s rough and brutal life, while others found his writing overly sentimental and lacking in substance. Nevertheless, Service’s work remains a beloved part of Canadian literature and is often studied in schools across the country.

In addition to his poetry, Service wrote several novels and short stories. His most notable novel, “The Trail of ’98,” tells the story of a group of prospectors making their way through the treacherous landscape of the Yukon during the gold rush. The novel was a commercial success and was adapted into a silent film in 1928.

Service’s life in the Yukon was not without its challenges. He struggled with alcoholism and bouts of depression, and he eventually left the territory for California in 1912. Despite these struggles, he continued to write and publish until he died in 1958.

Today, Service is remembered as one of Canada’s most celebrated writers and a symbol of Yukon’s rugged and independent spirit. His poems are still widely read, and his legacy inspires new generations of writers and adventurers.

Great Canadian Poems for the Aged 

Great Canadian Poems for the Aged Vol. 1 Illus. Ed. dares to go where no book of Canadian poetry has gone before – deep into the heart of darkness epitomized by the idea of the Great White North

John McCrae

John McCrae was a Canadian doctor and soldier best known for his poem “In Flanders Fields.” Born in Guelph, Ontario in 1872, McCrae was the son of a Scottish immigrant who owned a hardware store. He attended Guelph Collegiate Institute and later studied at the University of Toronto, where he graduated with a degree in medicine.

McCrae enlisted in the Canadian Army during World War I and served as a medical officer in the 1st Brigade of the Canadian Field Artillery. In May of 1915, he was stationed at the Second Battle of Ypres, where he wrote: “In Flanders Fields” after attending the funeral of a fellow soldier. The poem quickly became one of the most well-known war poems of all time and is still used today to remember fallen soldiers on Remembrance Day.

Despite his success as a poet, McCrae was primarily known for his work as a doctor. He was a skilled surgeon and was often called upon to perform difficult surgeries on the battlefield. His bravery and dedication to his patients earned him the Military Cross in 1916.

In January 1918, McCrae fell ill with pneumonia and was sent to a hospital in Boulogne, France. He died on January 28th at the age of 45. His remains were returned to Canada and buried with full military honors in his hometown of Guelph.

McCrae’s legacy lives on through his poetry and his work as a doctor. “In Flanders Fields” continues to be an important part of Remembrance Day ceremonies, and his dedication to his patients during wartime inspires medical professionals everywhere. His contributions to the literary and medical fields have not been forgotten, and he will always be remembered as a true hero.

Louisa Walker

Annie Louisa Walker was a British writer and poet born in 1836 in Chester, England. She was the daughter of a wealthy merchant and grew up in a comfortable and privileged household. Despite her privileged upbringing, Walker was a deeply sensitive and introspective person who was drawn to the arts from an early age. She was a talented musician, playing the piano and harp, and she also had a great love for literature and poetry.

As a young woman, Walker was drawn to the Romantic movement in literature and was heavily influenced by the work of poets such as Wordsworth and Keats. She began writing poetry as a teenager and was encouraged by her family and friends to pursue her passion. Her first published work was a collection of poems called “The Dream of Life,” released in 1856, and was well-received by critics.

Over the next few years, Walker continued to write and publish her poetry, gaining a reputation as a talented and promising young writer. She was particularly known for her ability to capture the beauty and mystery of nature in her work, and many of her poems were deeply lyrical and evocative. In addition to her poetry, she wrote several novels and essays and was a regular contributor to literary magazines and journals.

Despite her success as a writer, Walker struggled with depression and anxiety throughout her life. She was deeply sensitive and often felt overwhelmed by the world around her. She found solace in her writing, and many of her poems and novels reflect her inner struggles and searching for meaning in a sometimes-painful world.

Despite her struggles, Walker remained a dedicated and passionate writer throughout her life. She continued to write and publish her work until her death in 1885 at 49. She left behind a rich legacy of poetry and prose that continues to inspire and delight readers today.

Margaret Atwood

Margaret Atwood is a renowned Canadian author and poet known for her feminist and dystopian literature. Born in 1939 in Ottawa, Atwood grew up in a literary household and began writing at a young age. She published her first book of poetry, Double Persephone, in 1961 and has since published over 50 books.

Atwood is best known for her novels, including The Handmaid’s Tale, which explores a dystopian society where men oppress and control women. The novel was later adapted into a popular television series. Other notable novels by Atwood include The Blind Assassin, which won the Booker Prize in 2000, and Oryx and Crake, which explores the consequences of genetic engineering and environmental destruction.

Atwood’s writing often addresses themes of gender and power, particularly in relation to women’s rights. She has been a vocal advocate for women’s rights and is a member of the Writers’ Union of Canada, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, and PEN Canada.

In addition to her novels, Atwood has also published collections of poetry, short stories, and non-fiction. She has received numerous awards and honors for her work, including the Governor General’s Award, the Man Booker Prize, and the National Book Critics Circle Award.

Atwood continues to be a prominent figure in the literary world and remains a powerful voice for women’s rights. She has inspired and influenced many writers, and her work continues to be celebrated for exploring complex social issues.

E.J. Pratt

E.J. Pratt was a Canadian poet widely regarded as one of the most important figures in Canadian literature. Born in Newfoundland in 1882, Pratt grew up in a rural community where he was heavily influenced by the landscape and culture of the region. He studied at Victoria College in Toronto and later taught at the University of Toronto, where he was a professor of English literature.

Pratt’s poetry is known for its focus on the Canadian landscape and its celebration of the natural world. He often wrote about the rugged beauty of the east coast and the power of the sea, as well as the struggles of the working class and the challenges of life in rural communities. In his most famous poems, such as “The Titanic” and “The Dunciad,” he used vivid imagery and powerful language to create a sense of awe and wonder at the world around him.

Pratt was a prolific writer who published over a dozen poetry collections during his lifetime. His work was recognized with many awards and honors, including the Governor General’s Literary Award for Poetry and the Royal Society of Canada’s Lorne Pierce Medal. Despite his success, he remained humble and unassuming and continued to write until he died in 1964.

Today, E.J. Pratt is remembered as one of Canada’s greatest poets, and his work continues to inspire and influence writers across the country. His powerful and evocative poetry remains a testament to the beauty and majesty of the Canadian landscape, and his legacy continues to be celebrated by readers and scholars alike.

Leonard Cohen

Leonard Cohen was a Canadian singer-songwriter, musician, poet, and novelist known for his deep, gravelly voice and thought-provoking lyrics. Born in 1934, Cohen began his career as a writer, publishing several books of poetry and novels before turning to music in the 1960s.

Cohen’s early albums, including his debut, “Songs of Leonard Cohen,” and “Songs from a Room,” gained critical acclaim for their introspective and often melancholic nature. His most well-known song, “Hallelujah,” became a global hit after being covered by numerous artists, including Jeff Buckley and Rufus Wainwright.

In addition to his music, Cohen was known for his spiritual and philosophical musings, often incorporating Buddhist and Jewish themes into his work. He was a devout Zen Buddhist and spent several years in a Buddhist monastery in California.

Cohen received numerous awards and accolades throughout his career, including induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. He continued to release albums and tours until his death in 2016 at 82.

Cohen’s legacy lives on through his music, which has influenced countless artists and continues to be celebrated by fans around the world. His unique blend of folk, rock, and poetry has solidified him as a cultural icon and one of the greatest singer-songwriters of all time.


To conclude, Canada is home to some of the world’s most talented and accomplished poets. From early pioneers like E.J. Pratt and Leonard Cohen to contemporary writers like Margaret Atwood and Rupi Kaur, Canadian poets have made their mark on the literary landscape.

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